THE LEAFLET

Plant Care  |  November 12, 2019

Ficus Moclame Care

Placement

PRO TIP: Rotate your tree once a month to keep it standing straight and tall. Ficus Moclame in particular like to reach towards the light, so if you don’t rotate you’ll notice them bending over time.

The Ficus Moclame (Ficus microcarpa) is native to southern Asia and Australia, and although frequently mistaken for its sister, the Ficus benjamina, the Moclame's thick rounded leaves make it uniquely identifiable. Its small branches are most conducive to hedge pruning, and with patience its outward appearance can be highly controlled.

A high light plant, the Ficus Moclame prefers bright, indirect light, but benefits from a few hours of direct sun, ideally from a southern or western facing exposure. Eastern exposure can also work as long as the plant is directly in the window and the space feels very bright. We do not recommend ficus for northern exposure as they will not thrive in low light locations. Keep the surrounding area as humid as possible, especially if the plant is placed in an area receiving over six hours of direct sunlight a day, and avoid placing it next air vents and drafts.

Ficus Moclame can be sensitive to environmental and transplant shock. It is normal to see some leaf loss in the first week or two of receiving your plant. If leaf loss and discoloration is excessive or persists, asses the water and light requirements. Please feel free to reach out if you need assistance! 

Ficus Moclame Plant Leaves

The Moclame's small branches are most conducive to hedge pruning, and with patience its outward appearance can be highly controlled.

Routine Maintenance

PRO TIP: Every three months, rinse your plant’s leaves with room temperature water. This helps remove any dust that’s accumulated, ensuring they’re able to photosynthesize sunlight more efficiently.

Always be sure to assess your plant’s watering needs upon receiving it. Before giving your plant a drink, it is best to check the moisture level in the soil first to ensure it isn’t moist right beneath the surface. Also, consider aerating the soil of your plant before the initial watering. We compact the soil to avoid shifting during transit, so aerating can help the soil breathe and allow moisture to be released.

Ficus Moclame prefer soil that is consistently and evenly moist, not soggy. You want to allow the top 1” - 2” of the soil to dry between waterings. Allowing the soil to dry more than a few inches will lead to leaf loss, so be sure to check in with the soil regularly until you develop a routine with your plant. In contrast, too much moisture in the soil can lead to root rot and also cause leaves to drop. These plants do particularly well in the self watering containers!

Rotate your plant periodically to ensure even growth on all sides and dust the leaves often so the plant can photosynthesize efficiently. When dusting the leaves, also take the opportunity to inspect the undersides and keep an eye out for pests.

Remember each plant is a unique living thing and may have varying needs, especially in their individual locations. Pay attention to the condition of your Ficus Moclame and its watering needs and you will have a long and happy relationship.

Frequently Asked Questions

 

Does my Ficus have a bacterial infection or root rot?

  • Probably not. Although the internet is ablaze with this diagnosis, we've found this affliction to be exceedingly rare in the thousands of Ficuses we've cared for through our sister company, Greenery NYC. It's probably another problem such as low light or overwatering. However, we have a guide on how to identify fungal and bacterial leaf spotting if you're interested in learning more.

Help! My new Ficus Moclame is dropping yellow leaves!

  • If you just received your plant and it is dropping yellow leaves, this is likely a cause of transplant and environmental shock. Ficus trees are particularly sensitive to these elements and can take a few weeks to adjust. Follow the care guide closely and monitor your tree. If new growth is forming while dropping leaves, that is a great sign that your tree will adjust soon. If the yellowing persists, there is likely an issue with light and/or water so refer to the care guide and see if you need to adjust anything.

My Ficus leaves are turning brown and crispy. What do I do?

  • This is likely a sign of underwatering. If you notice the leaves are turning brown, crisping, and shriveling up, feel the soil of your plant. If it feels dry in the top few inches then you should increase the water quantity or frequency.

The leaves of my Ficus Moclame are splotchy, with yellow and brown spots. What's going on?

  • If the leaves of your tree are turning a combination of yellow and brown on the same leaf, this is likely an issue of either overwatering or lack of light. Lack of light is especially common in the wintertime when the sun is in the sky for less time. If your Moclame ever becomes bare, it's OK to put it outside for a few months in the summer as long as you're watering frequently. These trees can re-foliate very quickly, especially in the full sun. 

How much light is too much light?

  • In extremely bright apartments (i.e. floor to ceiling windows) Ficus Moclame may get sunburned, and in this instance the safest bet is putting them in front of a sunny window with a sheer curtain. Do not block the light with a partial shade like a solar shade as they will block out the full spectrum of the sun’s radiation.

Can I put my Ficus Moclame next to an AC or heater?

  • Ficus Moclame are tropical plants that appreciate a humid environment. If conditions are too dry they will drop their leaves. While Moclames will thrive in an air conditioned apartment, always avoid putting them in the direct line of fire of either AC or heating units. If their leaves are wagging from the air, it’s best to find another spot.

How often should I fertilize my plant?

  • In general, house plants will thrive when they are fertilized spring through fall. Fertilize once a month with an organic houseplant fertilizer, following the package instructions for dilution and administration. Greenery NYC uses an organic potting mix with a slow release fertilizer in the soil, so your plant will not need fertilizer within the first 6 months of receiving it.

How often does my plant need to be repotted?

  • For larger floor plants, we suggest repotting every 18-24 months. Typically you want to choose a potting vessel 2”- 4” larger in diameter to allow for growth. Don’t choose a pot much larger than the previous as this could drown the plants roots. If you prefer to maintain the current size of your plant, repot into the same vessel, providing new soil and trimming away some roots and foliage. Spring or summer is the ideal time to repot as the plant is at its strongest.